Breast Cancer ? Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer in women and the second most common cause of cancer death in women in the U.S. While the majority of new breast cancers are diagnosed as a result of an abnormality seen on a mammogram, a lump or change in consistency of the breast tissue can … Continue reading “Breast Cancer ? Causes, Symptoms And Treatment”

Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer in women and the second most common cause of cancer death in women in the U.S. While the majority of new breast cancers are diagnosed as a result of an abnormality seen on a mammogram, a lump or change in consistency of the breast tissue can also be a warning sign of the disease.

The disease is most commonly diagnosed in women over age 50. Very few women under age 30 develop it. Despite the rise in incidence, there has been a small drop in the number of deaths in the recent years and only about one-fifth of cases prove fatal. This reduction is due to improvements in treatment and the increased use of mammography for screening, which means that tumors can be detected early, when they often respond well to treatment.

Fibrocystic breast disease is common and usually benign condition. Symptoms include swollen, tender breasts, and/or one or more lumps. Frequently, symptoms worsen just before a woman’s menstrual cycle, subsiding near the end. For the majority of women these symptoms are a temporary discomfort, however some women experience severe pain.

Causes

Age and gender – Your risk of developing breast cancer increases as you get older. The majority of advanced breast cancer cases are found in women over age 50. Women are 100 times more likely to get breast cancer then men

Hereditary risk: It has long been known that women whose mothers or sisters had breast cancer have a higher risk of developing the disease themselves. Recently, it has been discovered that breast cancer can develop when a woman inherits a breast cancer susceptibility gene from one of her parents. The most common of these genes are the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. These genes account for about 10 percent of all breast cancer cases and in families that have these genes, the risk of breast cancer can be very high.

Family history of breast cancer – You may also have a higher risk for breast cancer if you have a close relative has had breast, uterine, ovarian, or colon cancer. About 20-30% of women with breast cancer have a family history of the disease.

Symptoms
The widespread use of screening mammography has increased the number of breast cancers found before they cause any symptoms. But some are still not found early.
The most common sign of breast cancer is a new lump or mass. A lump that is painless, hard, and has uneven edges is more likely to be cancer. But sometimes cancers can be tender, soft, and rounded.

Breast discharge is a common problem and is rarely a symptom of cancer. Discharge is most concerning if it is from only one breast or if it is bloody. In any case, all breast discharge should be evaluated.

Treatment

Surgery is the mainstay of therapy for breast cancer. The choice of which type of surgery is based on a number of factors, including the size and location of the tumor, the type of tumor and the person’s overall health and personal wishes. Breast-sparing surgery is often possible.

Chances Of Recurrence Halved Post Radiotherapy In Breast Cancer

WHY IS THERE A NEED FOR RADIATION THERAPY?

Breast cancer requires surgical intervention for long-term prevention and cure. Either a mastectomy is required which comprises of complete removal of the afflicted breast or a breast-conserving surgery is done which comprises of removing only the afflicted section of the breast. Radiotherapy post mastectomy is advised only to patients in whom the chances of a local relapse due to a spread of the disease to the lymph nodesis expected, whereas patients who undergo breast conserving surgery must definitely undergo radiotherapy too.

Numerous studies have been undertaken to establish a sure connection between the local recurrence of breast cancer after breast conserving surgeryand radiotherapy.Undoubtedly at every cancer treatment center breast cancer treatment has changed rapidly since the trials began but still researchers are of the opinion that such studies can provide a peek into new dimensions of breast cancer treatment in the future and reassert the benefits of radiotherapy for patients of breast cancer.

WHAT DO STATISTICS SAY?

Many studies so far have underlined the importance of radiotherapy in treatment of breast cancer at cancer hospitals. They conclude that radiation therapy is beneficial in preventing cancer from coming back and also that its results are complementary in the systematized surgical management of breast cancer. Some figures are:

Within just12 months of radiotherapy breast cancer relapse is unlikely In the first decade or so this trend remains 10 years 35% of the women with no exposure to radiotherapy had a recurrence.Comparatively only 19% of those who did reported to have a recurrence in the same time span.Taking into consideration a longer period to study correlation between radiotherapy and breast cancer fatalities it was found that in 15 years 25% of the women who did not undergo radiotherapy died from breast cancer Comparatively, only 21% of those who had received radiotherapy died due to breast cancer.

MAJOR STUDIES AND TRIALS

Researchers from Oxford University in a study suggested that in cases that received radiation treatment post surgical intervention for breast cancer the incidents of fatalities also were reduced by about one -sixth,and it also reduced the possibility of the cancer reappearing in the next order to analyze thoroughly the correlation between radiotherapy and breast cancer recurrence a study was conducted by the Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group (EBCTCG) .It followed the cases for almost a decade of patients who had been part of 17 trials of this most extensive study of the effectiveness of radiotherapy in preventing the recurrence of breast cancer studying around ten thousand patients published its findings in the reputed Lancet Medical Journal.

EXCEPTIONS TO GENERAL TRENDS

Experts suggest that all estimates and trends are based on data from thousands of women but actual risk for every individual may be variable and hence sometimes even contrary to the general trends .Patients who are in a younger age -group have been found to be more responsive to radiation therapy for no apparent reason, while older patients witness that the efficacy is slightly reduced though the treatment is not totally ineffective. The proportional benefits do not alter with age.Fewer benefits from radiotherapywere seen in patients who were at low risk of recurrence from the onset.

Radiotherapy has been found to reduce the possibility of breast cancer recurrence,however rapid change in technology and variations in outcomes must be constantly considered.

What is a Biopsy Procedure?

A Biopsy test involves removing cells or tissues to check under a microscope. Doctors may recommend a biopsy if an initial test suggest that an area of tissue in the body is not functioning normally. It helps to determine the presence or extent of a disease. The subject tissue is generally examined under a microscope or can also be analyzed area of abnormal tissue is called a lesion, a tumor, or a mass. These are general words, used to feature the unknown nature of the tissue.

There are 3 main kinds of biopsies:

Biopsies are done in order to detect the suspicious area either during a physical examination or inside the body on an imaging test. Although it is carried out for cancer diagnosis; however, biopsies also help to identify many other conditions. In some cases, a biopsy of normal-appearing tissue may also be done to check for cancer spread or rejection of a transplanted organ.

In most cases, a biopsy is done to diagnose a problem or to help determine the best therapy option. This can be done through numerous different ways. Nearly all of them involve using a sharp tool to remove a small amount of tissue.

Here are some types of biopsies:

Once the test is done, the tissue is collected and preserved in a diagnostic histopathology setup. It is then provided to a pathologist at a pathology laboratory. Pathologists are doctors who specialize in diagnosing conditions based on tissue samples and other tests. A pathologist examines the specimen under a microscope and by carefully observing the tissue cell’s type, shape, and internal activity (in most cases) a pathologist can diagnose the problem and disclose the results to the concerned doctor.

The time it takes to get results from a biopsy can vary. Sometimes, highly accurate conclusions on biopsies often take a week or longer but in an emergency case, a pathologist may read a biopsy and report back to a surgeon in a few minutes. This is done by a biopsy procedure called the frozen section. During the frozen section procedure, the physician removes a small portion of the tissue mass. The pathologist freezes the tissue in a cryostat machine, cuts the tissue with microtome, and then stains it with various dyes so that it can be examined under the microscope. As soon as the diagnosis is made, the results are communicated to the surgeon.

Biopsies are important to study the health issues people face during their lifetime, without a it, the doctors may not be able to diagnose or treat deadly diseases such as cancer, tumors, etc.

Avemar Acknowledged By Memorial Sloan-kettering Cancer Center

The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York has published an article on Avemar on their website with sections for consumers and health care professionals.

Brand name Avemar is also known as fermented wheat germ extract (WGE), and code name MSC.

Bottom Line: Fermented wheat germ extract has been shown to improve quality of life in some cancer patients.

Avemar fermented wheat germ extract was developed by Mate Hidvegi, a Hungarian chemist, in the 1990s. Av? should not be confused with wheat germ oil. Avemar is used as a dietary supplement by cancer patients in Hungary to improve quality of life.

The Sloan-Kettering Cancer reports that Avemar is used as a dietary supplement by cancer patients in Hungary to improve quality of life. Laboratory studies show that Ave may have anticancer properties. Results from some clinical trials suggest Avemar improves quality of life in some cancer patients.

Memorial Sloan-Kettering continues their article to describe Avemar research, uses, mechanism of action, warnings, contraindications, adverse interactions, drug interactions, literature summary and critique.

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center is located at: 1275 York Avenue. New York, New York. 10021. (212) 639-2000

What To Know About Leukemia

If one discovers that he is ill from leukemia it is only normal and natural of him to try and get answers to some pretty many questions that are going to appear. Still to much information gathered and not knowing how to put it all together can lead and most often will lid to information overload. From some time now special care centers have appeared and should be looked after. The Cancer Treatment Centers of America will most certainly help you in your quest for answers and treating the disease. They can help a lot of persons to develop programs and treatments unique to their needs and requirements so that a good outcome is reached. So if ever in need don?t feel bad about asking? your questions will be answered.

The most common forms of leukemia has been shown to be chronic lymphocytic leukemia; it is also known as cancer of the blood. The problems in this forms first begin in the immune or white blood cells in the blood. The problem originates in the blood marrow extending afterwards in the blood and thus in the whole body. Letting it untreated can cause serious problems for the patient. This kind of leukemia is almost over found in people older than 45 years old. It is not known why.

Very few environmental risk factors are known to be related with leukemia, and even in those cases it is not a certain thing. Links with causes of the disease have been found in agriculture; herbicides and pesticides have been found to be the problem in the CLL. The best example for this is the Agent Orange, a herbicide that is known to have been used intensively during the Vietnam war. Because of this the development of chronic lymphocytic was quite spread. Heredity has also been found to be a problem if any first degree relatives have or have had the disease. With the level of pollution we as people are currently living in, risks are going sky hi.

The ways the symptoms show up in chronic leukemia are very different from the way they do in acute leukemia. Here they tend to show up very late and are very mild in action. It is a very often case actually that the disease is discovered accidentally by doctors when certain thorough blood tests are done. The symptoms here have the tendency to have a graduate development progressing quite slow in time, while the normal stem cells of the bone marrow are replaced by bad diseased cancer cells. The latest stages of chronic leukemia will most certainly include a wide array of symptoms. Patients will have the tendency to tire more easily, feeling always weak and suffering from fatigue. Exercises are not going to be easy to do because they will tire extremely fast. Because of the loss of appetite body weight will most certainly fluctuate.

Get Best Advice From Medical Professionals For Cancer Treatment

World’s large number of populations is affected from different ailments, but cancer is one of the most dreadful diseases which have increased in recent years. Deaths from this disease have suddenly increased in USA and worldwide. Health care clinics are providing best and modern facilities for the treatment. Lung cancer is a killer disease which has affected numerous people across the world. This life threatening disease is mostly occurs due to exposure to tobacco smoking and passive smoking. The chance of this disease increases with number of tobacco cigarette used in a day. A proper cure and prevention may inspire patients to lead a vigorous and happy life.

Causes, symptoms and diagnosis of lung cancer

Medical science says that tobacco smoking is the main cause of abnormal growth of tissues. Main symptoms occur like problem in breathing, chest pain, coughing, blood in cough, paralysis of vocal cord, wheezing and shoulder pain (if it has affected other body parts). The cancerous cells may invade the neighboring tissues for blood, nutrients and may spread to other parts of the body (in advanced stage) like liver, spine, bone and brain .Lung’s malignant cells have been identified with two types, one is Small Cells Lung Cancer (SCLS) and another is Non-Small Cells Lung Cancer (NSCLC). This classification has been done according to microscopic appearance of lung tumor. The diagnosis is generally carried out by x-ray or chest radiography, Biopsy and CT scan at primary stage. It can spread to brain and show neurological symptoms.

Lung Cancer Treatment

Medical science has evolved with a number of cure and healing process for Lung Cancer Treatment which involves many surgical methods, Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy or combination of all these methods. The treatment depends on the type, grade, stage, and location of or Metastasis. Radiation therapy is implemented by external ray or beam on increased tumor to stop the growth of peculiar tissues where as chemotherapy involves the proper medication practice to treat malignant tumor. A patient affected from this melanoma can take proper advice from oncologist or medical professionals to get all mental and physical support. Other therapies may also be applied to cure lung cancer, for instance, Photo dynamic Therapy, Radio frequency Ablation Procedure and Prophylactic Brain Radiation. Physicians or medical practitioners may advice for best healing recommendation to alleviate this ailment. They may check general health condition of a patient and the location of metastasis or tumor.

Need best clinics for cancer treatment

A patient suffering from lung cancer needs a helping hand of his /her family and best care of doctors. Many hospitals have been established throughout the world to cure this illness in the best possible way. They use modern medical equipments, tool & technology. The dedicated team of nurses, doctors, physicians, and oncologists examine the body thoroughly and give best health advice for Lung Cancer Treatment and show a ray of hope to the patient to lead a normal life.

Conclusion

Medical science and world’s best hospitals across the world are still involved in research and development work to give best health care practices for Cancer treatment . Patients are provided best medical facilities and the helping hands of oncologists and medical professionals to overcome with death fear from cancer, and also inspire them to see positive approach of life. For best cure and prevention, patients must be diagnosed at early stage and treatment should be started under guidance of experienced doctors.

Screening Procedure For Colon Cancer

Another helpful technique in diagnosing colon cancer is the stool-guaiac test or occult stool blood test which helps the doctor detect blood in your stool that is invisible to the naked eye. You should have one annually after the age of 50.

The results of this test will determine whether you need other screening procedures for colon cancer such as proctosigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy. What are these tongue-twisters?

In the former, the doctor uses a flexible, lighted tube called a proctosigmoidoscope to examine the lower portion of the colon and rectum – the area where cancers are usually found. This should be done initially at the age of 45 and every other year thereafter depending on your condition. For those with a family history of the disease, more frequent tests are required.

“Almost 50 percent of all colorectal cancer or polyps can be seen during such an examination. In addition, diagnosis of other diseases such as Crohn’s or ulcerative colitis can be made with this instrument. Samples of tissue can be taken through the instrument for later examination under a microscope (biopsy),” said Dr. David E. Larson, editor-in-chief of the ?Mayo Clinic Family Health Book.?

Colonoscopy, on the other hand, examines the entire colon using a somewhat similar instrument called a fiberoptic endoscope. This gives a clear view of the lining of the colon from the anus to the cecum (the beginning of the large bowel located in the right lower portion of the abdomen).

The endoscope also permits the physician to remove polyps and to search for a cause of chronic or acute bleeding when other tests have failed to do so.

In about half of cases, surgery can cure colon cancer. How extensive this will be depends on the location and size of the cancerous growth. The surgeon may remove the tumor and rejoin healthy pieces of the rectum so the patient can function normally. Or he may remove the entire rectum and create an artificial opening called a stoma on the abdominal wall for stool to pass out. This happens in about 20 percent of cases.

Additional treatment in the form of chemotherapy and radiation may follow. For cancer that has spread to the lungs, little can be done.

“In summary, remember, the key to the cure of colon cancer is early detection and immediate removal of the polyp or tumor. Follow-up chemotherapy and immunotherapy, even if malignancy appears to have been totally cut out, have also been shown to be effective,” concluded Dr. Isadore Rosenfeld of the New York Hospital – Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in ?The Best Treatment.?

To strengthen your body, take Immunitril ? your first line of defense in maintaining a healthy immune system.

Attorney Guide For The Patients of Mesothelioma Cancer

The attorney guide provides great support to the people who are suffering from disease like mesothelioma cancer, also known as asbestos cancer and lung cancer. It is one of the famous guides that offer important information about the disease. It provides depth knowledge about the disease in terms of various causes and remedy. Besides that it also provides necessary information about asbestos related injury.

Mesothelioma cancer also termed as aggressive disease happens due to inhalation of dangerous asbestos fibers. The disease often attacks the Mesothelium, which is a two layer membrane that covers and protects internal organ of human body. The disease caused the calls to produce fluid and it creates a situation of freely movement of heart and lungs within the cavity.

It can happen to anyone and takes approximate 20 to 50 years to develop, that is main reason an older person often get victim of such disease. Mesothelioma cancer support is most important, comes to help to the people already suffering from such disease. Mesothelioma has two forms peritoneal and pleural, concerned with asbestos exposure. Tumor generally caused by smoking, do not appear in lung cancer

Mesothelioma cancer lawyer act as a guide and offers great supports to clients through the Mesothelioma lawsuit. Most of them get professionally pride handling the case with meticulous attention. Often people choose nationally recognized Mesothelioma cancer lawyer, in order to get proper guidance by them as such lawyers are known for having great experience for the same and also having great influence for over all outcome of the cases. However the fact is completely true that approaching such experienced layers is good deal for clients, get great benefit from their experience. Meanwhile Mesothelioma attorneys are always ready to support you and assist you by providing potential compensation on the course of Mesothelioma cases. It is believed that the Mesothelioma attorneys often considered as a best options for the clients, seeking to hire a professional lawyer Mesothelioma.

Sign and symptoms of the aggressive disease includes breathing problem, weight loss, chest pain and cough, coagulation disorders, abdominal distention, anemia, fever, and many such symptoms. Cancer destroys the human body by diagnosing the lesions.